Seizures are an abnormal surge of power or neural signal burst from the brain. It’s among the neurological problems that frequently found in most dogs.
The seizures symptoms such as drool, meltdown, thrash and uncontrollable legs can be frightening and shocking but dog feels no pain at all. They will only show signs of confusion.
During seizures period dog do not swallow their tongue and don’t try to put their tongue in their mouth because there is a high risk of being bitten badly. It’s essential that every dog owner must continue to keep their pet back on the floor to prevent them from additional harms such as injuries, falling and damaging himself.
Be conscious that dog body temperature will rise if the seizures persist to happen for longer than few minutes which can lead to the development of heat stroke (hyperthermia) causing the situation to become much more worst.
The Four Stages of Dog Seizures Symptoms
There will be a change in mood and behavior and this interval from hours to days.
Here are the first indications your dog will start to have seizures. This period may last for about couple of seconds to hours and the symptoms are as follow:
Dogs will show indication of extreme physical activity during this period and last for a couple of seconds to five minutes. Each of the body muscles will contract strongly and the apparent symptoms are:
- Eliminate consciousness
- falling to the floor
- paralyzed, unwilling to proceed or cannot stand up
- excessive drooling
- head is drawn backward
- teeth gnashing
- a frantic thrashing of limbs
- paddling of toes
- uncontrollable urination and defecation
The dog will be in prolonged seizure or status epilepticus (SE) when the seizures is not over within five minutes.
Following the seizure, your dog will possess the following symptoms:
- temporary appear to become blind or deaf
- drink or eat too
- Status Epilepticus (SE)
A very dangerous and life-threatening scenario that occurs when a seizurelastst for over five minutes. This may damage the brain if the interval last for over 20 minutes due to no break or muscle relaxation inside the mind.
Emergency treatments and injectable medications must be given by your veterinarian if seizure continue to endure for over five minutes and your dog doesnot recover to complete awareness.
Causes of Dog Seizures
- Brain enzyme
- head injury
- tick bites
- heart block
- excessive daytime sleepiness (narcolepsy)
- inadequate production of thyroid hormone from the thyroid gland (hypothyroidism)
- overactive tissue inside the thyroid gland (hyperthyroidism)
- handicap involving damage to the joints (arthritis)
- intense inflammation of the brain (encephalitis)
- chronic neurological disease (epilepsy)
- low level of glucose (sugar) in the blood (hypoglycemia)
- low serum calcium levels in the blood (hypocalcemia)
- a qualitative or quantitative deficiency of hemoglobin, a molecule found inside red blood cells (anemia)
- lack of oxygen within the body (hypoxia)
- deficiency in the concentration of dissolved oxygen in arterial blood (hypoxemia)
- elevated blood flow of the electrolyte potassium (hyperkalemia)
- abnormal increase of lipids and/or lipoproteins degree in the blood (hyperlipoproteinemia)
- rocky mountain spotted fever
- viral disease (distemper)
- lyme disease or borreliosis
- liver disease or hepatic encephalopathy
- renal failure or kidney disease
- gastrointestinal disease or crap poisoning
- parasitic disease caused by the protozoan Toxoplasma gondii (toxoplasmosis)